Disinformation (Operation InfeKtion): How Russia Perfected the Art of War | NYT Opinion

“Russia’s meddling in the United States’ elections is not a hoax. It’s the culmination of  Moscow’s decades-long campaign to tear the West apart. “Operation InfeKtion” reveals the ways in which one of the Soviets’ central tactics — the promulgation of lies about America — continues today, from Pizzagate to George Soros conspiracies. Meet the KGB spies who conceived this virus and the American truth squads who tried — and are still trying — to fight it. Countries from Pakistan to Brazil are now debating reality, and in Vladimir Putin’s greatest triumph, Americans are using Russia’s playbook against one another without the faintest clue.” (The New York Times)

Russia and Information Warfare: Aims, Tools and Implications for the West

Video produced in 2017 but still relevant for today’s information landscape.

An interview with Keir Giles, Director, Conflict Studies Research Centre; Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House.

  • How can the West counter Russia’s cyber and psychological operations? 
  • Can we talk about a “militarization” of information in Russia?

Recommended readings- non-kinetic warfare

This page provides a brief description by authors and links  to their books, academic papers and articles on non-kinetic warfare and is updated each month.

Books

Narrative Warfare, a Primer and Study guide

Narrative Warfare, a primer and study guide, is literally, a first of a kind and ground-breaking in its intent. The intent of this book is to give national security professionals and other interested parties a baseline understanding of narrative and its principles regarding the potential for predictably triggering behaviour. If we are to succeed on the battlefield of influence, understanding narrative is an imperative…   See more https://medium.com/@paulcobaugh/narrative-warfare-a-primer-and-study-guide-6ccae8d34397

Plato’s Fear Paperback – March 12, 2020

by Ajit Maan Ph.D.

Powerful narratives don’t simply target an audience; they create the target audience. The identity component of narrative is missing from assumptions that narrative is just a mode of communication. Narrative is the most fundamental tool of power. It is the means through which power gets institutionalized. Narratives are told to someone’s advantage and very powerful narratives may even preclude the telling of any alternative. But it is also a means by which power can be exposed, questioned, under-mined, and made to answer for itself…

Ajit Maan, Ph.D. is a security and defence policy analyst and a specialist in narrative strategies in radicalization processes. She is faculty at Union Institute and University’s Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program, George Mason University’s Centre for Narrative Conflict Resolution, and is member of The Brain Trust of the Weaponized Narrative Initiative at Arizona State University.

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B085RVQ4DK?ref_=pe_3052080_397514860

Soft Power on Hard Problems

This book is a practice in military civics. This collection of international perspectives challenges commonly held assumptions and outmoded paradigms of engagement. The authors share the view that the over-reliance on kinetic approaches over influence operations account for some of the failures of nations against extremists…

Information Warfare: The Lost Tradecraft Kindle Edition

by Howard Gambrill Clark (Author)

Dr. Howard Gambrill Clark, Ph.D. is a Yale graduate with twenty years of experience and research in countering violent extremism and counterterrorism: U.S. Marine Corps intelligence officer and special unit commander (Iraq, Afghanistan, and Philippines); White House National Economic Council counterterrorism analyst; Department of Homeland Security Senior Intelligence Officer for Headquarters Operations Directorate and Senior Intelligence Analyst for Counter Radicalization; and Special Operations Command senior consultant and trainer for countering violent extremism and stability operations as well as service to the U.S. Information Agency and U.S. Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. He received his doctorate from King’s College London War Studies.

Articles and papers available on the internet

PERSPECTIVE: Anatomy of Narrative Warfare and Social Media Ops Since the Last Election

October 30, 2018  Paul Cobaugh (Published by Homeland Security Today)

What follows is some basic perspective about where and how this type of analysis fits into the national security landscape. Of note, I will say that the topic is complex, to say the least. A great deal of scrutiny regarding the findings of this excellent piece of work is not only due but required for national security professionals in addition to well-informed citizens from other walks of life. Protecting the nation from malign influence is not exclusively the role of professionals but also the responsibility of citizenship. In terms of protecting the homeland, this study does, though, provide some of the best large-scale insights for national security professionals to date…

Mr. Paul Cobaugh retired from the US Army as a Warrant Officer after a distinguished career in the US Special Operations CT community, primarily focused on mitigating adversarial influence and advancing US objectives by way of influence. Throughout his career he has focused on the centrality of influence in modern conflict whether it be from extremist organisations or state actors employing influence against the US and our Allies. Post military career he was offered and accepted the position of Vice President at Narrative Strategies, a US based Think-Do Tank which specializes in the non-kinetic aspects of conflict. He has also co-authored, Soft Power on Hard Problems, Hamilton Publishing, 2017 and Introduction to Narrative Warfare: A Primer and Study Guide, Amazon, 2018

Narrative Warfare by Paul Cobaugh published 21 January 2019

Narrative Warfare, continues to come into prominence in the wake of modern Russian Active Measures styled warfare against her adversaries, both real and perceived…

More information on these and other subject matter experts working in the field of narrative warfare can be found at https://www.narrative-strategies.com/

North Korea – Nuclear Program (Documentary)

North Korea is one of the poorest countries in the world but its leader Kim Jong Un has still found the money he needs to finance a nuclear weapons program, despite the country’s fundamental poverty and international economic sanctions.

This documentary looks at how and introduces the men who have helped Kim Jong Un keep his dreams of reaching nuclear power status alive.

Every year Pyongyang sends millions of North Korean workers abroad, selling their services to over 40 countries around the world.

Russian trolls expose misinformation operations

Former employees of a Russian ‘troll factory’ are speaking out about the political misinformation operations .

An interview with a Russian ex-troll

Ex-Russian troll reveals the goal to set Americans against their own government.

Inside Kremlin Propaganda Machine: Russian blogger exposes Russia’s Internet troll factory.

This non-descript office building in Moscow is where the Kremlin houses its army of thousands of internet trolls. They have become infamous over the last year; spamming the World Wide Web with lies, misinformation and propaganda. But this part of the Kremlin’s hybrid warfare aginast Ukraine and the West at large has been exposed by a Russian journalist. Lyudmila Savchuk calls it a troll factory and says she had spent two months there as an employee documenting the process of creating a wave of pro-Kremlin propaganda. “They get work specifications.

There are several main topics including Ukraine, USA and the EU – in general all main topics which are on the agenda – and also Russian opposition. Main opposition figures are regularly insulted and discredited on the Internet.” According to Savchuk, she and her fellow colleagues worked under tight control and signed a non-disclosure agreement. She also says the comments were made not only in Russian but in several other languages across different platforms.

Russian and Chinese Information Warfare: John Lenczowski

February 26th, 2019 – Art History Auditorium, University of Dallas

This talk on Russian and Chinese Information Warfare against the United States

draws from John Lenczowski’s expertise on Soviet affairs and the non-military arts of statecraft to discuss the modern-day challenges presented to us by the world’s other superpowers.

In this talk, he addresses Russian interference in our political system and the Chinese Communist Party’s propaganda, covert influence operations, and influence over American academia, think tanks, businesses, elections, Congressional representatives, and even Hollywood.

John Lenczowski is founder and president of The Institute of World Politics. From 1981 to 1983, Dr. Lenczowski served in the State Department in the Bureau of European Affairs and as Special Advisor and from 1983 to 1987, he was Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council. In that capacity. He has been associated with several academic and research institutions in the Washington area, including Georgetown University, the University of Maryland, and the American Enterprise

Institute. Dr. Lenczowski attended the Thacher School, earned his B.A. at the University of California, Berkeley, and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced

International Studies.

Information Warfare: Defining and analysing/History as a means to win the information battle

Information Warfare Defining and Analysing – CyCon 2019

The 11th International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon 2019) organized by NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE) in Tallinn revolved around the theme of Silent Battle. The defence community is nearing a stage where it can precisely define information warfare but is yet to reach a consensus on how best to analyse it. 

The panel entitled ´Information Warfare: defining and analyzing´ will assess some of the emerging methodologies that researchers have been using to identify and analyse digital information operations, with a special focus on the applicability of Social Network Analysis (SNA) in the cyber arena. Speakers and Topics: – Social Network Analysis and the Disinformation Kill Chain by Renee DiResta, Mozilla Fellow, Media Misinformation and Trust – Challenges and Opportunities to Counter Information Operations Through Social Network Analysis and Theory by Alicia Marie Bargar, Research Engineer, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory – Hostile Information Environment Analysis by MAJ Geoff Nicholls, Officer, The British Army Moderator: Donara Barojan, DFR Lab / NATO StratCom COE The NATO CCDCOE is a NATO-accredited cyber defence hub focusing on research, training and exercises. 

The international military organisation based in Estonia is a community of currently 25 nations providing a 360-degree look at cyber defence, with expertise in the areas of technology, strategy, operations and law. **Note that some CyCon 2019 presentations were submitted and created in a personal capacity and are not necessarily affiliated with, nor representative of, the views of the speakers’ respective organisations**

Understanding History as means to win Information Warfare Battle: Aleksandras Matonis at TEDxVilnius

Aleksandras Matonis is diplomat, journalist and editor at Lithuanian National Radio and Television. 

Aleksandras believes that country’s history – the way it is perceived by different nations – is a strong tool for creating national identity. Aleksandras is creator of recently released educational movie about the Battle of Grunwald – movie based on Swedish professor Sven Ekdahl theory which he wrote after studying secret historic archives for the past few decades.

 He claims that the facts we are used to hear about this battle are not the ones that are scientifically proved. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

Soviet Active Measures (1984) Still relevant today

Reviews Various Measures, Including Disinformation, Bribery, Forgery, and Overall Dirty Tricks Employed Abroad by The Soviet Union to Further Its aims. Includes Interviews with Newsweek’s Former Chief Correspondent Arnaud De Borchgrave, State Department Official Dennis Kux, French Journalist/author Jean Francois Revel, Former Soviet Kgb Officer Stanislav Levchenko, and Former Czechoslovak Intelligence Officer Ladislav Bittman (the latter two are defectors who had direct personal experience of Active Measures). Documents Communist actions and intentions. National Archives and Records Administration – Arc Identifier 54826 / Local Identifier 306.9798 – Soviet Active Measures – U.S. Information Agency. (1982 – 10/01/1999).