SOE agents arrive home in December 1944: (front, from left) Lieut. J.E. Fournier, Lieut. P.E. Thibeault, Capt. H.A. Benoit; (rear) Major P.E. Labelle, Capt. L.J. Taschereau, Capt. Guy Artois, Capt. J.P. Archambault.
Documentary about Canadian agents working for SOE in occupied France.
Apart from Canadian’s being trained in England SOE also had a training and selection establishment in Canada and the newly formed American OSS received their initial training at this SOE training camp in Ontario.
A short film by CBC where former agents describe their time
at Camp X
In March 2010 Andree Peel died of pneumonia at a British
nursing home at the age of 102 and was buried at All Saints Church in Long
Ashton near Bristol.
A casual observer seeing the honour guard from the Royal
British Legion with their banners marching ahead of the funeral procession
would be aware she had connections with the British military but it is unusual
for the deceased to be honoured by two nations: her coffin was covered with
both the French and British flags.
Andree Virot was born on 3 February 1905 in Brest and when
Germany occupied France in 1940, she was running a beauty salon in Brest and
immediately started to resist the German occupation by distributing clandestine newspapers calling
for patriots to resist the German forces.
After coming to the attention of the Gaullist Free French based in Dorset Square London, Andree was given command of the Breton clandestine circuit and used the field name ‘Rose’.
Her resistance activities quickly expanded and included gathering
intelligence on the German navy and their submarine pens, German troop
movements and the effects of allied bombing and her reports were sent to London
She also organised weapons, sabotage stores and agents from
the Special Operations Executive (SOE) as well as the Free French Section (RF) to
be dropped by parachute onto remote farmland
but she always said her greatest achievement was helping 102 allied
aircrews shot down over France to evade capture and return to England and later
said this was the contribution she was most proud off.
By May 1944 Andre Virot was high on the Gestapo wanted list
and after obtaining forged identity papers she left Brittany and travelled to
Paris where she was less well known by the Gestapo and the Abwehr (German
On 9 June, three days after D-day she was arrested and sent to Buchenwald Concentration Camp and later transported to the equally notorious Ravensbrück camp in Germany. The day she was due to be executed by the SS the camp was liberated by American forces.
After the war Andree ran a restaurant in Paris where she met an Englishman named John Peel who she later married, and the couple moved to Long Ashton near Bristol and in 1999 she published her memoirs, Miracles do Happen. After the death of her husband in 2003 Andree moved into the care home where she later died peacefully in her sleep.
Her work with the resistance and the rescue of 102 British
and American aircrews was honoured by several decorations including the King’s
Commendation for Bravery presented to her by George VI, the US Medal of
Freedom, the French Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honour which in 2004 was
upgraded to Chevalier of the Legion. She
also received a personal letter from Winston Churchill thanking her for saving
the lives of British aircrews.